Abbreviations

• ASPIRE : Asia Pacific Initiative of Reproductive Endocrinologists

ASRM : American society for reproductive medicine

ART : Assisted Reproductive Technology

• BMI : Body Mass Index (obesity index)

BT : Blastocyst Transfer

CO2 : Carbon Dioxide (Incubators)

DICOM : Digital Communication in telemedicine

ESHRE : European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology

ET : Embryo Transfer

FOGSI : Federation of Obstetrical and Gynaeocological Societies of India

GIFT : Gamete intra fallopian transfer

HEPA : High Efficiency Particulate (filter)

HFEA : Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (UK)

HL7 : Health Level 7 (telemedicine)

IC : Intercourse

ICI : Intra Cervical Insemination

ICMR : Indian Council of Medical Research

ICSI : Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection

IMA : Indian Medical Association

ISAR : Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction

ISPAT : Indian Society for Pre Natal Diagnosis and Therapy

IVF : In Vitro Fertilisation

IUI : Intra Uterine Insemination

MESA : Micro Epididymal Sperm Aspiration

NARI : National Registry of Assisted Reproduction in India

OCP : Oral Contraceptive Pills

OHSS : Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome

OPU : Ovum Pick up

OT : Operation Theatre

OOCYTE : Egg, female gamete

PESA : Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration

SM : Service Mark (Registered Trademark)

TESA : Testicular Sperm Aspiration

TESE : Testicular Sperm Extraction

TSI : Timed Sexual Intercourse

TVS : Trans Vaginal Sonography

WHO : World Health Organization

ZIFT : Zygote intra fallopian transfer

3D/4D : Three Dimensional / Four Dimensional Ultra Sound Pictures.

Glossary

Abortion, Incomplete: An abortion after which some tissue remains inside the uterus. A D&C must be performed to remove the tissue and prevent complications.
Abortion, Spontaneous: A pregnancy loss during the first twenty weeks of gestation.
Abortion, Therapeutic: A procedure used to terminate a pregnancy before the fetus can survive on its own.
ACTH: A hormone produced by the pituitary gland to stimulate the adrenal glands. Excessive levels may lead to fertility problems.
Acrosome:The enzymes in a sperm’s head that allows it to make a hole in the coating around an egg, penetrate and fertilize the egg.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS):A condition caused by the HIV virus that impaires the body’s immune system and leads to severe infections and eventually death.
Adenomyosis: A benign (non-cancerous) invasion of endometrial tissue in the uterine wall
Adhesion : Scar tissue occurring in the abdominal cavity, fallopian tubes, or inside the uterus. Adhesions can interfere with transport of the egg and implantation of the embryo in the uterus.
Adnexa: The region of the pelvis that includes the ovary, fallopian tube and surrounding broad ligament. plural: adnexae
Adrenal Androgens: Male hormones produced by the adrenal gland which, when found in excess, may lead to fertility problems in both men and women. Excess androgens in the woman may lead to the formation of male secondary sex characteristics and the suppression of LH and FSH production by the pituitary gland. Elevated levels of androgens may be found in women with polycystic ovaries, or with a tumor in the pituitary gland, adrenal gland, or ovary. May also be associated with excess prolactin levels.

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