• Organs of Female Reproductive System
  • Causes for Female Infertility
  • Age
  • Endometriosis
  • Egg Donors

What are the organs of Female Reproductive System?

Conception in the Female reproductive system is concerned with copulation, fertilization, growth and development of the fetus and its birth. The organs of female reproductive system are divided into:

A. External genitalia (vulva, pudendum):
 External genitalia include mons veneris, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibule and perineum. These organs are visible externally and are concerned with copulation and parturition.

B. Internal genitalia:These include vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and the ovaries. These organs are placed internally and require special instruments for inspection.

Vagina: The vagina is a fibromusculo-membranous sheath communicating the uterine cavity with the exterior at the vulva. It constitutes the excretory channel for the uterine secretions and menstrual blood.

It is the organ of copulation and forms the birth canal of parturition. It is highly sensitive and has got enough power of distensibility as evident during childbirth. The diameter of vagina is about 2.5 cm, being widest at its upper part and narrowest at its introitus. Length of vagina is 7 to10 cm. Cervix, the mouth of uterus lies at the apex of vagina.

Uterus: This is the organ where pregnancy normally grows. During pregnancy, the uterus serves for reception, implantation, retention, nutrition of fetus, which it then expels during labor.

Uterus is pyriform in shape, measures about 8cm long, 5cm wide and 3cm thick. It weighs 50 to 80 grams. Uterus has triangular cavity which is lined by a lining of cells called endometrium. This endometrium normally sheds during each menses leading to periods.

Cervix: this is also called mouth of the uterus, is cylindrical in shape and measures about 2.5 cm. at its lower end it opens in the upper part of vagina. Cervix secretes important secretions and cervical mucus which has important part in passage of sperms in uterine cavity.

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